best wood for fences

What are the Best Types of Wood for Building a Fence?

There are many reasons homeowners have fences built on their properties. From corralling animals to offering curb appeal, fences remain a popular addition for both homes and businesses. When it comes to fence building, there are multiple materials that can be used in their construction.

Wood remains the most popular material, and there are different types of wood that can be used in the construction of a fence. The type chosen will depend on the reason the fence is being constructed. With this guide, homeowners will learn more about their material options so they can make the best decision for their needs.

What are Some of the Options for Wood Fencing?

When homeowners decide to have a wooden fence installed, they will first need to be aware of the options they have for materials. There are a range of wood options and the choices can sometimes be a little overwhelming for homeowners, especially if they have never had a fence built on their property. The following offers insight into some of the most common woods used in fence construction.


Cedar is an excellent choice for all types of fencing. One of the biggest reasons homeowners choose cedar for their material of choice is because of the natural oils it features. Cedar has the ability to deter insects which are the biggest threats to a wood fence.

Cedar can withstand the elements for a much greater length of time and is rot-resistant, meaning it will last far longer than some other types of woods. While some people prefer the gray color that develops over time with cedar, many experts agree it is beneficial to either seal or paint the cedar fencing. Not only does this preserve its rich natural color, but it also helps to offer further protection against the elements.


Cypress is another solid option for fence construction. Cypress is a favorable choice for fence construction because it contains cypretine. Cypretine is a natural chemical produced by cypress wood and it helps to deter insects. Because this wood is rot-resistant, it will last much longer than some other types of wood that can quickly become damaged due to weather exposure.

To further protect a cypress fence, it is wise to stain it upon construction. Staining brings out the natural beauty of the wood and helps to protect it and extend its lifespan.


Redwood remains a popular option for fence construction. Although it is costly, this type of wood is the gold standard and considered one of the most-used woods in fence construction. Redwood is durable and dense, making it an ideal wood for all types of weather conditions. Although it is rot and insect-resistant, staining can help to increase the protection of the wood and make it last for many more years than it would without any treatment.


Pine is a good wood choice for those who are on a budget. Because it is a softer wood, it is easier to work with. When choosing pine, it is important homeowners consider purchasing a pressure-treated pine to ensure their new fence will be able to hold up to the elements without rotting or attracting insects.

Pine fencing is an excellent candidate for paint or stain and it is important these are applied as often as recommended to ensure the fence is protected. With proper maintenance, pine fencing can last for many years to come.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Wood

There are many reasons people choose to have a fence installed, including privacy, security, and noise reduction. Homeowners may also fence in their yard to allow children to safely play or to protect their animals. There are a few things to consider before choosing wood fencing.


The climate of the area is an important consideration. While a mild climate may allow for softer woods to be used, climates that get a lot of rain, snow, and ice are going to need a harder and more durable wood that will be able to stand up to the elements. If the climate where the home is located is not that mild, it would be wise to choose redwood, cedar, or cypress for longevity.


Another consideration is insects. While there are many insects that can cause damage to wood, termites are a prime destroyer. Before installing a wood fence, it is wise for homeowners to have their yard treated for insects so there are fewer risks of damage. When in doubt, all types of wood should be sealed to protect against insect damage. Cypress, redwood, and cedar are all sound choices because they have natural oils and chemicals that repel insects.


The homeowner’s budget is another important consideration. Woods like cedar, cypress, and redwood are more expensive, but also offer longevity. Homeowners who plan on living in their home for at least ten years would be wise to choose a more expensive wood that has lasting durability. Those on a budget cannot go wrong with pressure-treated pine because it is less expensive.

Available Materials

Those homeowners who want to build the best and most durable fence should choose superior woods. Redwood is the wood of choice but is also the most expensive option. Cedar and cypress are also both lasting wood choices. The softer the wood, the more vulnerability so homeowners should avoid using inexpensive softwoods for fence construction. If pine is the only affordable choice, make sure it is pressure-treated so it is less likely to be damaged by the elements or insects.


Using the right wood for fence construction is essential for lasting durability, beauty, and protection. With the above information, homeowners should now be equipped with the facts they need for making an informed decision on fencing materials.

Although cost alone should not be the only consideration, budgeting is important for many homeowners. When in doubt, choose the highest-quality wood that fits within the budget. If possible, choose redwood or another dense wood that is made to hold up to the elements.

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